Today in History
0461 – Bishop Patrick, St. Patrick, died in Saul. Ireland celebrates this day in his honor. (More about St. Patrick's Day)
1756 – St. Patrick's Day was celebrated in New York City for the first time. The event took place at the Crown and Thistle Tavern.
1766 – Britain repealed the Stamp Act that had caused resentment in the North American colonies.
1776 – British forces evacuated Boston to Nova Scotia during the Revolutionary War.
1868 – Postage stamp canceling machine patent was issued.
1870 – Wellesley College was incorporated by the Massachusetts legislature under its first name, Wellesley Female Seminary.
1884 – In Otay, California, John Joseph Montgomery made the first manned, controlled, heavier-than-air glider flight in the United States.
1886 – 20 Blacks were killed in the Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi.
1891 – The British steamer Utopia sank off the coast of Gibraltar.
1901 – In Paris, Vincent Van Gogh's paintings were shown at the Bernheim Gallery.
1909 – In France, the communications industry was paralyzed by strikes.
1910 – The Camp Fire Girls organization was founded by Luther and Charlotte Gulick. It was formally presented to the public exactly 2 years later.
1914 – Russia increased the number of active duty military from 460,000 to 1,700,000.
1917 – America’s first bowling tournament for ladies began in St. Louis, MO. Almost 100 women participated in the event.
1930 – Al Capone was released from jail.
1930 – In New York, construction began on the Empire State Building. Excavation at the site began on January
1941 – The National Gallery of Art was officially opened by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC.
1942 – Douglas MacArthur became the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in the Southwestern Pacific.
1944 – During World War II, the U.S. bombed Vienna.
1950 – Scientists at the University of California at Berkeley announced that they had created a new radioactive element. They named it 'californium'. It is also known as element 98.
1958 – The Vanguard 1 satellite was launched by the U.S.
1959 – The Dalai Lama (Lhama Dhondrub, Tenzin Gyatso) fled Tibet and went to India.
1961 – The U.S. increased military aid and technicians to Laos.
1962 – Moscow asked the U.S. to pull out of South Vietnam.
1966 – A U.S. submarine found a missing H-bomb in the Mediterranean off of Spain.
1967 – Snoopy and Charlie Brown of 'Peanuts' were on the cover of 'LIFE' magazine.
1969 – Golda Meir was sworn in as the fourth premier of Israel.
1970 – The U.S. Army charged 14 officers with suppression of facts in the My Lai massacre case.
1972 – U.S. President Nixon asked Congress to halt busing in order to achieve desegregation.
1973 – Twenty were killed in Cambodia when a bomb went off that was meant for the Cambodian President Lon Nol.
1973 – The first American prisoners of war (POWs) were released from the 'Hanoi Hilton' in Hanoi, North Vietnam.
1982 – In El Salvador, four Dutch television crewmembers were killed by government troops.
1985 – U.S. President Reagan agreed to a joint study with Canada on acid rain.