Today in History
1535 – French explorer Jacques Cartier set sail for North America.
1536 – Anne Boleyn, the second wife of England's King Henry VIII, was beheaded after she was convicted of adultery.
1568 – After being defeated by the Protestants, Mary the Queen of Scots, fled to England where she was imprisoned by Queen Elizabeth.
1588 – The Spanish Armada set sail from Lisbon, bound for England.
1608 – The Protestant states formed the Evangelical Union of Lutherans and Calvinists.
1643 – Delegates from four New England colonies met in Boston to form a confederation.
1643 – The French army defeated a Spanish army at Rocroi, France.
1796 – The first U.S. game law was approved. The measure called for penalties for hunting or destroying game within Indian territory.
1847 – The first English-style railroad coach was placed in service on the Fall River Line in Massachusetts.
1856 – U.S. Senator Charles Sumner spoke out against slavery.
1857 – The electric fire alarm system was patented by William F. Channing and Moses G. Farmer.
1858 – A pro-slavery band led by Charles Hameton executed unarmed Free State men near Marais des Cygnes on the Kansas-Missouri border.
1864 – The Union and Confederate armies launched their last attacks against each other at Spotsylvania in Virginia.
1906 – The Federated Boys' Clubs, forerunner of the Boys' Clubs of America, were organized.
1911 – The first American criminal conviction that was based on fingerprint evidence occurred in New York City.
1912 – The Associated Advertising Clubs of America held its first convention in D
1921 – The U.S. Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act, which established national quotas for immigrants.
1926 – Thomas Edison spoke on the radio for the first tim
1926 – Benito Mussolini announced that democracy was deceased. Rome became a fascist state.
1926 – In Damascus, Syria, French shells killed 600 people.
1928 – The first frog-jumping jubilee held in Calaveras County, CA.
1935 – T.E. Lawrence 'Lawrence of Arabia' died from injuries in a motorcycle crash in England.
1935 – The National Football League (NFL) adopted an annual college draft to begin in 1936.
1943 – Winston Churchill told the U.S. Congress that his country was pledging their full support in the war against Japan.
1958 – Canada and the U.S. formally established the North American Air Defense Command.
1962 – Marilyn Monroe performed a sultry rendition of 'Happy Birthday' for U.S. President John F. Kennedy. The event was a fund-raiser at New York's Madison Square Garden.
1964 – The U.S. State Department reported that diplomats had found about 40 microphones planted in the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.
1967 – The Soviet Union ratified a treaty with the United States and Britain that banned nuclear weapons from outer space.
1974 – Erno Rubik invented the puzzle what would later become known as the Rubik's Cube.
1967 – U.S. planes bombed Hanoi for the first time.
1981 – The Empire State Building was designated a New York City Landmark.
1988 – In Jacksonville, FL, Carlos Lehder Rivas was convicted of smuggling more than three tons of cocaine into the United States. Rivas was the co-founder of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel.
1989 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average passed 2,500 for the first time. The close for the day was 2,501.1.
1992 – U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle criticized the CBS sitcom 'Murphy Brown' for having its title character decide to bear a child out of wedlock.
1992 – In Massapequa, NY, Mary Jo Buttafuoco was shot and seriously wounded by Amy Fisher. Fisher was her husband Joey's teen-age lover.
1992 – The 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution went into effect. The amendment prohibits Congress from giving itself midterm pay raises.
1993 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed about 3,500
(3,500.03) for the first time
1998 – Bandits stole three of Rome's most important paintings from the National Gallery of Modern Art.