Today in History
1872 Russian Grand Duke Alexis goes on a gala buffalo hunting expedition with Gen. Phil Sheridan and Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer.
1879 The British-Zulu War begins. British troops — under Lieutenant General Frederic Augustus — invade Zululand from the southern African republic of Natal.
1908 A wireless message is sent long-distance for the first time from the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
1913 Kiel and Wilhelmshaven become submarine bases in Germany.
1915 The U.S. Congress establishes Rocky Mountain National Park.
1926 U.S. coal talks break down, leaving both sides bitter as the strike drags on into its fifth month.
1927 U.S. Secretary of State Kellogg claims that Mexican rebel Plutarco Calles is aiding a communist plot in Nicaragua.
1932 Oliver Wendell Holmes retires from the Supreme Court at age 90.
1938 Austria recognizes the Franco government in Spain.
1940 Soviet bombers raid cities in Finland.
1943 Soviet forces raise the siege of Leningrad.
1952 The Viet Minh cut the supply lines to the French forces in Hoa Binh, Vietnam.
1962 The United States resumes aid to the Laotian regime.
1973 Yassar Arafat is re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
1982 Peking protests the sale of U.S. planes to Taiwan.
1991 The U.S. Congress gives the green light to military action against Iraq in the Persian Gulf Crisis.
1998 Nineteen European nations agree to prohibit human cloning.
2010 An earthquake in Haiti kills an estimated 316,000 people.
1588 John Winthrop, the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1737 John Hancock, the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1876 Jack London, American writer (The Call of the Wild).
1893 Hermann Goering, Nazi leader, commander of the Luftwaffe.
1903 Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist, known as the “father of the Soviet atomic bomb.”
1905 Tex Ritter, singer, actor (“Have I Told You Lately That I Love You?”).
1907 Sergi Korolev, engineer, lead rocket engineer and spacecraft designer for the Soviet Union during the
1950s and ’60s; often called the “father of practical astronautics”.
1916 P.W. Botha, the first State President of South Africa (1984-89).
1923 Ira Hays, one of the U.S. Marines photographed in the iconic image of raising a flag on Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima; a member of the Pima tribe; portrayed himself in the movie Sands of Iwo Jima.
1926 Ray Price, singer; a leader in the “Nashville sound” movement that introduced lush arrangements into country music recording (“The Same Old Me,” “For the Good Times”).
1938 Qazi Hussain Ahmad, a former Emir of Jamaate- Islami, a right-wing party in Pakistan; a vocal critic of U.S. counterterrorism policy.
1946 Cynthia Robinson, musician, vocalist with the psychedelic soul/funk band Sly and the Family Stone.