Today in History
1035 King Canute of Norway dies.
1276 Suspicious of the intentions of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the Prince of Wales, English King Edward I resolves to invade Wales.
1859 The first flying-trapeze circus act is performed by Jules Leotard at the Circus Napoleon.
1863 Confederate General James Longstreet arrives at Loudon, Tennessee, to assist the attack on Union General Ambrose Burnside's troops at Knoxville.
1867 Mount Vesuvius erupts.
1903 The Lebaudy brothers of France set an air-travel distance record of 34 miles in a dirigible.
1923 Adolf Hitler is arrested for his attempted German coup.
1927 Canada is admitted to the League of Nations.
1928 The ocean liner Vestris sinks off the Virginia cape with 328 aboard, killing 111.
1938 Mexico agrees to compensate the United States for land seizures.
1941 Madame Lillian Evanti and Mary Cardwell Dawson establish the National Negro Opera Company.
1944 U.S. fighters wipe out a Japanese convoy near Leyte, consisting of six destroyers, four transports and
1944 The German battleship Tirpitz is sunk in a Norwegian fjord.
1948 Hikedi Tojo, Japanese prime minister, and seven others are sentenced to hang by an international tribunal.
1951 The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea is ordered to cease offensive operations and begin an active defense.
1960 The satellite Discoverer XVII is launched into orbit from California's Vandenberg AFB.
1968 The U.S. Supreme Court voids an Arkansas law banning the teaching of evolution in public schools.
1971 President Richard Nixon announces the withdrawal of about 45,000 U.S. troops from Vietnam by February.
1987 Boris Yeltsin is fired as head of Moscow's Communist Party for criticizing the slow pace of reform.
1990 Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan.
1990 Sir Timothy John 'Tim' Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist, publishes a formal proposal for the creation of the World Wide Web.
1996 A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 collides with a Kazakh Illyushin II-76 cargo plane near New Delhi, killing 349. It is the deadliest mid-air collision to date (2013) and third-deadliest aircraft accident.
1997 Ramzi Yousef convicted of masterminding the
1993 World Trade Center bombing.
2003 The first Italians to die in the Iraq War are among 23 fatalities from a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base in Nasiriya, iraq.
2003 Shanghai Transrapid sets a new world speed record (311 mph or 501 kph) for commercial railway systems.
1815 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, political reformer and founder of the Women's Rights Convention.
1817 Mirza Hoseyn 'Ali Nuri (Baha' Ullah), founder of the Baha'i faith.
1840 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor.
1866 Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese revolutionary who founded the Nationalist Party.
1889 DeWitt Wallace, founder of Reader's Digest.
1911 Buck Clayton, jazz trumpeter.
1922 Charlotte MacLeod, mystery writer (Rest You Merry, Maid of Honor).
1929 Grace Kelly, American actress and Princess of Monaco.
1945 Tracy Kidder, writer (Among Schoolchildren, Old Friends).
1945 Neil Young, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; member of several well-known bands including Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young.
1952 Ronald Burkle, business magnate; founded Yucaipa Companies private investment firm and is coowner of the Pittsburgh Penguins pro hockey team.
1957 Tim Samaras, engineer and storm chaser who contributed to scientific knowledge of tornadoes; killed along with his son Paul and meteorologist Carl Young by a tornado with winds of nearly 300 mph near El Reno, Okla,, in 2013.
1961 Nadia Comaneci, Olympic gold medal-winning Romanian gymnast; named one of the athletes of the century by Laureus World Sports Academy (2000).
1962 Naomi Wolf, activist, author of The Beauty Myth; a leader in what has been described as the third wave of the feminist movement.
1968 Sammy Sosa, pro baseball player from Dominican Republic; only MLB player to hit 60 or more home runs in a single season three times, he was denied entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013 after as-yet unproven allegations he used performanceenhancing drugs.