On This Day in:
1795 – The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified.
The amendment makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and citizens of foreign nations.
1818 – 'Academician' began publication in New York City. 1825 The U.S. House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams president. No candidate had received a majority of electoral votes.
1861 – The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America elected Jefferson Davis as its president.
1870 – The United States Weather Bureau was authorized by Congress. The bureau is officially known as the National Weather Service (NWS).
1877 – The first Guernsey Cattle Club was organized in New York City.
1882 – The last bareknuckle fight for the heavyweight boxing championship took place in Mississippi City.
1884 – Thomas Edison and Patrick Kenny executed a patent application for a chemical recording stock quotation telegraph (U.S.
1885 – The first Japanese arrived in Hawaii.
1895 – Volley Ball was invented by W.G. Morgan.
1895 – The first college basketball game was played as Minnesota State School of Agriculture defeated the Porkers of Hamline College, 9-3.
1900 – Dwight F. Davis put up a new tennis trophy to go to the winner in matches against England.
1909 – The first forestry school was incorporated in Kent, Ohio.
1932 – America entered the 2-man bobsled competition for the first time at the Olympic Winter Games held at Lake Placid, NY.
1942 – The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff held its first formal meeting to coordinate military strategy during World War II.
1942 – Daylight-saving 'War Time' went into effect in the U.S. as an energy-saving measure.
1943 – During World War II, the battle of Guadalcanal ended with an American victory over Japanese forces.
1950 – U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy charged that the State Department was riddled with Communists. This was the beginning of 'McCarthyism.'
1958 – CBS radio debuted 'Frontier Gentleman.'
1960 – A verbal agreement was reached between representatives of the American and National Football Leagues. Both agreed not to tamper with player contracts.
1960 – The first star was placed on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
The star was for Joanne Woodward.
1962 – The U.S. government banned all Cuban imports and reexport of U.S. products to Cuba from other countries.
1966 – 'Crawdaddy' magazine was published by Paul Williams for the first time.
1969 – The Boeing 747 flew its inaugural flight. Pan Am Airlines was the first airline to use the passenger jet.
1971 – The San Fernando Valley experienced the Sylmar earthquake that registered 6.4 on the Richter Scale.
1971 – The Apollo 14 spacecraft returned to Earth after mankind's third landing on the moon.
1984 – NBC Entertainment president, Brandon Tartikoff, gave an interviewer the '10 Commandments for TV Programmers.'
1989 – Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Co. completed the $25 billion purchase of RJR Nabisco, Inc.
1997 – 'The Simpsons' became the longest-running prime-time animated series. 'The Flintstones' held the record previously.
2000 – California's legislature declared that February 13 would be 'Charles M. Schulz Day.'
2001 – 'Hannibal,' the sequel to 'Silence of the Lambs,' opened.
1999 – NASA's Stardust space probe was launched. The mission was to return comet dust samples from comet Wild 2. The mission was completed on January 15, 2006 when the sample return capsule returned to Earth.
2008 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis launched with the mission of delivering the Columbus science laboratory to the International Space Station.
“Behold, children are a heritage from the Lord, the fruit of the womb a reward. Like arrows in the hand of a warrior are the children of one's youth. Blessed is the man who fills his quiver with them! He shall not be put to shame when he speaks with his enemies in the gate.”
— Psalm 127:3-5 (ESV)