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On This Day in:

1520 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait.

The strait was named after him. He was the first European to sail the Pacific from the east.

1582 – William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway were married.

1757 – English poet, painter and engraver William Blake was born. Two of his best known works are 'Songs of Innocence' and 'Songs of Experience.'

1779 – The College of Pennsylvania became the University of Pennsylvania. It was the first legally recognized university in America.

1889 – Curtis P. Brady was issued the first permit to drive an automobile through Central Park in New York City.

1901 – The Army War College was established in Washington, DC.

1910 – New York's Pennsylvania Station opened.

1934 – The U.S. bank robber George 'Baby Face' Nelson was killed by FBI agents near Barrington, IL.

1939 – The play 'Key Largo,' by Maxwell Anderson, opened in New York.

1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin met in Tehran to map out strategy concerning World War II.

1953 – New York City began 11 days without newspapers due to a strike of photoengravers.

1951 – Hosea Richardson became the first Black jockey to be licensed in Florida.

1958 – The African nation of Chad became an autonomous republic 1963 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress.

1970 – Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was attacked at the Manila airport by a Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.

1973 – The U.S. Senate voted to confirm Gerald R. Ford as vice president after the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew.

1978 – San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were shot to death inside City Hall by Dan White, a former supervisor.

1980 – Dave Williams (Chicago Bears) became the first player in NFL history to return a kick for touchdown in overtime.

1983 – 183 people were killed when a Colombian Avianca Airlines Boeing 747 crashed near Barajas airport in Madrid.

1985 – The British House of Commons approved the Anglo-Irish accord giving Dublin a consulting role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland.

1987 – French hostages Jean-Louis Normandin and Roger Auque were set free by their pro-Iranian captors in West Beirut, Lebanon.

“First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.”

— 1 Timothy 2:1-4 (ESV) BIBLE VERSE

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