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On This Day in:

404 – The last gladiator competition was held in Rome.

1622 – The Papal Chancery adopted January

1st as the beginning of the New Year

1785 – London's oldest daily paper 'The Times' was first published.

1797 – Albany became the capital of New York state, replacing New York City.

1801 – The Act of Union of England and Ireland came into force.

1801 – Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi became the first person to discover an asteroid.

He named it Ceres.

1804 – Haiti gained its independence.

1808 – The U.S. prohibited import of slaves from Africa.

1840 – The first recorded bowling match was recorded in the U.S.

1863 – U.S. President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that all slaves in the rebel states were free.

1887 – Queen Victoria was proclaimed empress

of India in Delhi.

1892 – Ellis Island Immigrant Station formally opened in New York.

1892 – Brooklyn and New York merged to form the single city of New York.

1894 – The Manchester Ship Canal was officially opened to traffic.

1895 – In Battle Creek, MI, C.W. Post created his first usable batch of Monks Brew (later called Postum).

1898 – Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island were consolidated into New York City.

1900 – Hawaii asked for a delegate to the Republican national convention.

1900 – Nigeria became a British protectorate with Frederick Lagard as the high commissioner.

1901 – The Commonwealth of Australia was founded. Lord Hopetoun officially assumed the duties as the first Governor-General.

1902 – The first Tournament of Roses (later the Rose Bowl) collegiate football game was played in Pasadena, CA.

1909 – The first payments of old-age pensions were made in Britain. People over 70 received five shillings a week.

1913 – The post office began parcel post deliveries.

1924 – Frank B. Cooney received a patent for ink paste.

1926 – The Rose Bowl was carried coast to coast on network radio for the first time.

1930 – 'The Cuckoo Hour' was heard for the first time on the NBC-Blue Network, which later became ABC Radio.

1934 – Alcatraz Island officially became a Federal Prison.

1934 – The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) began operation.

1936 – The 'New York Herald Tribune' began microfilming its current issues.

1937 – The First Cotton Bowl football game was played in Dallas, TX. Texas Christian University (T.C.U.) beat Marquette, 16-6.

“But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. Therefore do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Sufficient for the day is its own trouble.”

Matthew 6:33-34 (ESV)

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