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On This Day in:

1498 – Vasco de Gama landed at what is now Mozambique on his way to India.

1562 – In Vassy, France, Catholics massacred over 1,000 Huguenots.

The event started the First War of Religion.

1692 – In Salem Village, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Salem witch trials began. Four women were the first to be charged.

1781 – In America, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation.

1784 – In Great Britain, E. Kidner opened the first cooking school.

1790 – The U.S. Congress authorized the first U.S. census.

1803 – Ohio became the 17th U.S. state.

1815 – Napoleon returned to France from the island of Elba. He had been forced to abdicate in April of 1814.

1845 – U.S. President Tyler signed the congressional resolution to annex the Republic of Texas.

1864 – Louis Ducos de Hauron patented a machine for taking and projecting motion pictures. The machine was never built.

1867 – Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state.

1869 – Postage stamps with scenes were issued for the first time.

1872 – The U.S. Congress authorized the creation of Yellowstone National Park. It was the world's first national park.

1873 – E. Remington and Sons of Ilion, NY, began the manufacturing the first practical typewriter.

1896 – The Battle of Adowa began in Ethiopia between the forces of Emperor Menelik II and Italian troops. The Italians were defeated.

1907 – In Spain, a royal decree abolished civil marriages.

1907 – In New York, the Salvation Army opened an anti-suicide bureau.

1912 – Captain Albert Berry made the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.

1924 – Disney released the first Alice Comedy entitled 'Alice's Day at Sea.'

1932 – The 22-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh was kidnapped. The child was found dead in May.

1937 – U.S. Steel raised workers’ wages to $5 a day.

1937 – In Connecticut, the first permanent automobile license plates were issued.

1941 – FM Radio began in Nashville, TN, when station W47NV began operations.

1941 – Bulgaria joined the Axis powers by signing the Tripartite Pact.

1949 – Joe Louis announced that he was retiring from boxing as world heavyweight boxing champion.

1950 – Klaus Fuchs was convicted of giving U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.

1954 – The United States announced that it had conducted a hydrogen bomb test on the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. It was the first U.S. test of a dry fuel hydrogen bomb under Operation Castle.

1954 – Five U.S. congressmen were wounded when four Puerto Rican nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of Representatives.

1961 – The Peace Corps was established by U.S. President Kennedy.

1966 – The Soviet probe, Venera 3 crashed on the planet Venus. It was the first unmanned spacecraft to land on the surface of another planet.

1969 – Mickey Mantle announced his retirement from major league baseball.

1971 – A bomb exploded in a restroom in the Senate wing of the U.S.

Capitol. There were no injuries. A U.S. group protesting the Vietnam War claimed responsibility.

“For I do not mean that others should be eased and you burdened, but that as a matter of fairness your abundance at the present time should supply their need, so that their abundance may supply your need, that there may be fairness.”

— 2 Corinthians 8:13-14 (ESV)

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