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On This Day in:

1792 – King Louis XVI was taken into custody by mobs during the French Revolution. He was executed the following January after being put on trial for treason.

1809 – Ecuador began its fight for independence from Spain.

1821 – Missouri became the 24th state to join the Union.

1846 – The Smithsonian Institution was chartered by the U.S.

Congress. The 'Nation's Attic' was made possible by $500,000 given by scientist Joseph Smithson.

1859 – In Boston, MA, the first milk inspectors were appointed.

1869 – The motion picture projector was patented by O.B. Brown.

1881 – Thomas Edison's exhibit opened the Paris Electrical Exhibition.

1885 – The first electric streetcar, to be used commercially, was operated in Baltimore, MD, by Leo Daft.

1914 – Austria-Hungary invaded Russia.

1921 – Franklin D. Roosevelt was stricken with polio.

1927 – Mount Rushmore was formally dedicated. The individual faces of the presidents were dedicated later.

1944 – U.S. forces defeated the remaining Japanese resistance on Guam.

1945 – The day after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan announced they would surrender. The only condition was that the status of Emperor Hirohito would remain unchanged.

1947 – William Odom completed an around-the-world flight. He set the solo record by completing the flight in 73 hours and 5 minutes.

1948 – On ABC, 'Candid Camera' made its TV debut. The original title was 'Candid Microphone.'

1949 – In the U.S., the National Military Establishment had its name changed to the Department of Defense.

1954 – Construction began on the St. Lawrence Seaway.

1965 – In Austin, TX, a fire burned part of the 20th floor of the 27story University of Texas main building. A collection that contained items once owned by escape artist Harry Houdini and circus magnate P. T. Barnum were damaged by smoke and water.

1971 – Harmon Killebrew (Minnesota Twins) got his 500th and

501st home runs of his major league baseball career.

1973 – Arnold Palmer did not make the cut for the final two rounds of the PGA Golf Championship. It was the first time in his career.

1981 – Pete Rose hit a single and broke the National League alltime hit record with his 3,631 hit.

1988 – U.S. President Reagan signed a measure that provided

$20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans who were interned by the U.S. government during World War II.

1993 – A massive deficit-reduction bill was signed into law by U.S.

President Bill Clinton.

1994 – U.S. President Clinton claimed presidential immunity when he asked a federal judge to dismiss, at least for the time being, a sexual harassment lawsuit filed by Paula Corbin Jones.

1995 – Norma McCorvey, 'Jane Roe' of the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, announced that she had joined the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue.

1999 – Near an India-Pakistan border area an Indian fighter jet shot down a Pakistani naval aircraft. Sixteen people were killed.

2003 – Ekaterina Dmitriev and Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko were married. Malenchenko was about 240 miles above the earth in the international space station.

Born on August 10th:

Herbert Clark Hoover – 1874 – U.S. President Jimmy Dean – 1928 – Country Music Singer Bobby Hatfield – 1940 – The Righteous Brothers Ronnie Spector – 1947 – American Singer Rosanna Arquette – 1959 – Actress, “Pulp Fiction” Antonio Banderas – 1960 – Actor, “Desperado” Kylie Jenner 1997 – TV personality, model

“And you shall remember the whole way that the Lord your God has led you these forty years in the wilderness, that he might humble you, testing you to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep his commandments or not.”

— Deuteronomy 8:2 (ESV)

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