On This Day in:
1813 – Chief Tecumseh of the Shawnee Indians was killed at the Battle of Thames when American forced defeated the British and the allied Indian warriors.
1877 – Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce Indians surrendered to the U.S. Army after a 1,000-mile retreat towards the Canadian border.
1919 – Enzo Ferrari debuted in his first race. He later founded the Auto Avio Construzioni Ferrari, an independent manufacturing company.
1921 – The World Series was broadcast on the radio for the first time. The game was between the New York Giants and the New York Yankees.
1930 – Laura Ingalls became the first woman to make a transcontinental airplane flight.
1930 – 'The Fighting Priest' began airing on CBS radio.
1931 – Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon landed in Washington after flying non-stop across the Pacific Ocean. The flight originated in Japan and took about 41 hours.
1934 – 'Hollywood Hotel' became the first major network radio to originate from Hollywood, CA.
1937 – U.S. President Roosevelt called for a 'quarantine' of aggressor nations.
1947 – U.S. President Harry S Truman held the first televised presidential address from the White House. The subject was the current international food crisis.
1952 – 'Inner Sanctum' was heard for the last time on ABC radio.
1955 – The play 'The Diary of Anne Frank' opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.
1969 – A Cuban defector landed a Soviet-made MiG-17 at Homestead Air Force Base in Florida. The plane entered U.S. air space and landed without being detected.
1969 – 'Monty Python's Flying Circus' debuted on BBC television.
1970 – Anwar Sadat took office as President of Egypt replacing Gamal Abdel Nassar. Sadat was assassinated in 1981.
1974 – American David Kunst completed the first journey around the world on foot. It took four years and 21 pairs of shoes. He crossed four continents and walked 14,450 miles.
1985 – An Egyptian policeman went on a shooting rampage at a Sinai beach. Seven Israeli tourists were killed. The policeman died in prison the following January of an apparent suicide.
1986 – 'Business World' began airing on ABC-TV.
1986 – Sandinista soldiers captured American Eugene Hasenfus after shooting him down over southern Nicaragua.
1988 – In a debate between candidates for vice president of the U.S., Democratic Lloyd Bentsen told Republican Dan Quayle, 'You're no Jack Kennedy.'
1989 – The Dalai Lama (Lhama Dhondrub, Tenzin Gyatso) was named the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent campaign to end the Chinese domination of Tibet. Gyatso was the
15th Dalai Lama.
1990 – The Glasgow Royal Concert Hall opened.
1991 – Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev announced that his country would cut its nuclear arsenal in response to the arms reduction that was initiated by U.S. President George Bush.
1993 – China set off an underground nuclear explosion.
1995 – A 60-day cease-fire was agreed upon by Bonsian combatants. The civil war had lasted 3 1/2.
1997 – In London, the Express Newspapers printed an article claiming that Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman were homosexual and that their marriage was a sham to cover the truth. The paper paid damages in a settlement on October 29, 1998.
1998 – The U.S. paid $60 million for Russia's research time on the international space station to keep the cash-strapped Russian space agency afloat.
1999 – Kevin Spacey received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1999 – MCI Worldcom Inc. and Sprint Corp. announced plans to merge.