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On This Day in:

1765 – Nine American colonies sent a total of 28 delegates to New York City for the Stamp Act Congress. The delegates adopted the “Declaration of Rights and Grievances.”

1777 – During the American Revolution the second Battle of Saratoga began.

1868 – Cornell University was inaugurated in Ithaca, NY.

1913 – For the first time, Henry Ford’s entire Highland Park automobile factory was run on a continuously moving assembly line when the chassis was added to the process.

1918 – The Georgia Tech football team defeated Cumberland College 222-0. Georgia Tech carried the ball 978 yards and never threw a pass.

1939 – “Kate Hopkins, Angel of Mercy” was heard for the first time on CBS radio.

1940 – “Portia Faces Life” debuted on the NBC Red network.

1949 – The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was formed.

1950 – The U.S.-led U.N. forces crossed the 38th parallel and entered North Korea. China in November proved their threat to enter the war by sending several hundred thousand troops over the border into North Korea.

1951 – The Western Hills Hotel in Fort Worth, TX, became the first hotel to feature all foam-rubber mattresses and pillows.

1956 – A U.S. House subcommittee began investigations of allegedly rigged TV quiz shows.

1963 – U.S. President Kennedy signed a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.

1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America adopted the film-rating system that ranged for “G” to “X.”

1981 – The Egyptian parliament, after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, named Vice President Hosni Mubarak the next president of Egypt.

1982 – A record was set when 147,000,000 shares were exchanged on the New York Stock Exchange.

1985 – The United States announced that it would no longer automatically comply with World Court decisions.

1989 – In Budapest, Hungary’s Communist Party renounced

Marxism in favor of democratic socialism.

1993 – U.S. President Clinton sent more troops, heavy armor, and naval firepower to Somalia.

1994 – U.S. President Clinton dispatched an aircraft carrier to the Persian Gulf when Iraqi troops were spotted moving toward Kuwait. The U.S. Army was also put on alert.

1998 – The U.S. government filed an antitrust suit that alleged Visa and Master-Card inhibit competition by preventing banks from offering other cards.

1999 – American Home Products Corp. agreed to pay up to $4.83 billion to settle claims that the fen-phen diet drug caused dangerous problems with heart valves.

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