On This Day in:
1533 – Henry VIII divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.
1814 – The allied European nations against Napoleon marched into Paris.
1822 – Florida became a U.S. territory.
1842 – Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the first operation while his patient was anesthetized by ether.
1855 – About 5,000 'Border Ruffians' from western Missouri invaded the territory of Kansas and forced the election of a pro-slavery legislature. It was the first election in Kansas.
1856 – A peace treaty was signed between England and Russia.
(Treaty of Paris)
1858 – Hyman L. Lipman of Philadelphia patented the pencil.
1867 – The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars.
1870 – The 15th amendment, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, was passed by the U.S. Congress.
1870 – Texas was readmitted to the Union.
1903 – Revolutionary activity in the Dominican Republic brought U.S. troops to Santo Domingo to protect American interests.
1905 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was chosen to mediate in the Russo-Japanese peace talks.
1909 – The Queensboro bridge in New York opened linking Manhattan and Queens. It was the first double decker bridge.
1909 – In Oklahoma, Seminole Indians revolted against meager pay for government jobs.
1916 – Pancho Villa killed 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico.
1936 – Britain announced a naval construction program of 38 warships.
1939 – The comic book 'Detective Comics #27' appeared on newstands. This comic introduced Batman.
1940 – The Japanese set up a puppet government called Manchuko in Nanking, China.
1941 – The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel began its first offensive against British forces in Libya.
1944 – The U.S. fleet attacked Palau, near the Philippines.
1945 – The U.S.S.R. invaded Austria during World War II.
1946 – The Allies seized 1,000 Nazis attempting to revive the Nazi party in Frankfurt.
1947 – Lord Mountbatten arrived in India as the new Viceroy.
1950 – The invention of the phototransistor was announced.
1950 – U.S. President Truman denounced Senator Joe McCarthy as a saboteur of U.S. foreign policy.
1957 – Tunisia and Morocco signed a friendship treaty in Rabat.
1958 – The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater gave its initial performance.
1964 – 'Jeopardy' debuted on NBC-TV.
1964 – John Glenn withdrew from the Ohio race for U.S. Senate because of injuries suffered in a fall.
1970 – 'Another World – Somerset' debuted on NBC-TV.
1972 – The British government assumed direct rule over Northern Ireland.
1972 – The Eastertide Offensive began when North Vietnamese troops crossed into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) in the northern portion of South Vietnam.
1975 – As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon South Vietnamese soldiers mob rescue jets in desperation.
1981 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan was shot and wounded in Washington, DC, by John W. Hinckley Jr. Two police officers and Press Secretary James Brady were also wounded.
1982 – The space shuttle Columbia completed its third and its longest test flight after 8 days in space.
1984 – The U.S. ended its participation in the multinational peace force in Lebanon.
1987 – Vincent Van Gogh's 'Sunflowers' was bought for $39.85 million.
1993 – In Sarajevo, two Serb militiamen were sentenced to death for war crimes committed in Bosnia.
“He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”
— Revelation 21:4 (ESV)