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On This Day in:

1660 – The books of John Milton were burned in London due to his attacks on King Charles II.

1789 – The Declaration of the Rights of Man was adopted by the French National Assembly.

1828 – Uruguay was formally proclaimed to be independent during preliminary talks between Brazil and Argentina.

1858 – The first cabled news dispatch was sent and was published by 'The New York Sun' newspaper. The story was about the peace demands of England and France being met by China.

1859 – The first oil well was successfully drilled in the U.S. by Colonel Edwin L. Drake near Titusville, PA.

1889 – Charles G. Conn received a patent for the metal clarinet.

1889 – Boxer Jack 'Nonpareil' Dempsey was defeated for the first time of his career by George LaBlanche.

1894 – The Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act was passed by the U.S.

Congress. The provision within for a graduated income tax was later struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.

1921 – The owner of Acme Packing Company bought a pro football team for Green Bay, WI. J.E. Clair paid tribute to those who worked in his plant by naming the team the Green Bay Packers.

1928 – The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed by 15 countries in Paris. Later, 47 other nations would sign the pact.

1938 – Robert Frost, in a fit of jealousy, set fire to some papers to disrupt a poetry recital by another poet, Archibald MacLeish.

1939 – Nazi Germany demanded the Polish corridor and Danzig.

1945 – American troops landed in Japan after the surrender of the Japanese government at the end of World War II.

1962 – Mariner 2 was launched by the United States. In December of the same year the spacecraft flew past Venus. It was the first space probe to reach the vicinity of another planet.

1972 – North Vietnam's major port at Haiphong saw the first bombings from U.S. warplanes.

1984 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced that the first citizen to go into space would be a teacher. The teacher that was eventually chosen was Christa McAuliffe. She died in the Challenger disaster on January 28, 1986.

1984 – Diane Sawyer became the fifth reporter on CBS-TV's '60 Minutes.'

1985 – The Space Shuttle Discovery left for a seven-day mission in which three satellites were launched and another was repaired and redeployed.

1986 – Nolan Ryan (Houston Astros) earned his 250th career win against the Chicago Cubs.

1989 – The first U.S. commercial satellite rocket was launched. A British communications satellite was onboard.

1990 – The U.S. State Department ordered the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats.

1996 – California Governor Pete Wilson signed an order that would halt state benefits to illegal immigrants.

1998 – James Brolin received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1998 – 'Titanic' became the first movie in North America to earn more than $600 million.

1999 – The final crew of the Russian space station Mir departed the station to return to Earth. Russia was forced to abandon Mir for financial reasons.

Born on Aug. 27:

George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 1770 – Philosopher Charles Rolls 1877 – Motoring and aviation pioneer, co-founder of Rolls-Royce car manufacturing company Lyndon B. Johnson 1908 – 36th President of the United States, War on Poverty Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu 1910 – Known as Mother Theresa Tuesday Weld (Susan Kerr) 1943 – Actress Barbara Bach 1947 – Actress ('Caveman') Paul 'Pee-Wee Herman' Reubens 1952 – Actor ('Pee Wee's Playhouse')

“Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread, but he who follows worthless pursuits lacks sense.”

— Proverbs 12:11 (ESV)

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