On This Day in:
1620 – The Mayflower Compact was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower when they landed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod. The compact called for 'just and equal laws.'
1831 – Nat Turner, a slave and educated minister, was hanged in Jerusalem, VA, after inciting a violent slave uprising.
1851 – The telescope was patented by Alvan Clark.
1868 – The first indoor amateur track and field meet was held by the New York Athletic Club.
1880 – Australian outlaw and bank robber Ned Kelly was hanged at the Melbourne jail at age 25.
1887 – Labor Activists were hanged in Illinois after being convicted of being connected to a bombing that killed eight police officers.
1889 – Washington became the 42nd state of the United States.
1918 – World War I came to an end when the Allies and Germany signed an armistice. This day became recognized as Veteran's Day in the United States.
1920 – The body of an unknown British soldier was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was recorded with the first electronic recording process developed by Lionel Guest and H.O.
1921 – The Tomb of the Unknowns was dedicated at Arlington Cemetery in Virginia by U.S. President Harding.
1938 – Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's 'God Bless America' on network radio.
1940 – The Jeep made its debut.
1942 – During World War II, Germany completed its occupation of France.
1946 – The New York Knickerbockers (now the Knicks) played their first game at Madison Square Garden.
1952 – The first video recorder was demonstrated by John Mullin and Wayne Johnson in Beverly Hills, CA.
1965 – The government of Rhodesia declared its independence from Britain. The country later became known as Zimbabwe.
1965 – Walt Disney announced a project in Florida.
Disney movies, music and books
1966 – The U.S. launched Gemini 12 from Cape Kennedy, FL. The craft circled the Earth 59 times before returning.
1972 – The U.S. Army turned over its base at Long Bihn to the South Vietnamese army. The event symbolized the end of direct involvement in the Vietnam War by the U.S. military.
1975 – Civil war broke out when Angola gained independence from Portugal.
1981 – Stuntman Dan Goodwin scaled the outside of the 100-story John Hancock Center in Chicago in about six hours.
1981 – The U.S.S. Ohio was commissioned at the Electric Boat Division in Groton, CT. It was the first Trident class submarine.
1984 – The Rev. Martin Luther King Sr. died in Atlanta at age 84.
1984 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan accepted the Vietnam Veterans Memorial as a gift to the nation from the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund.
1984 – Gary Coleman, at age 13, underwent his second kidney transplant in Los Angeles. He had his first transplant at age 5.
1986 – Sperry Rand and Burroughs merged to form 'Unisys,' becoming the second largest computer company.
1987 – Vincent Van Gogh's 'Irises' was sold for a then record 53.9 million dollars in New York.
1990 – Stormie Jones, the world's first heart-liver transplant recipient, died at a Pittsburgh hospital at age 13.
“For am I now seeking the approval of man, or of God? Or am I trying to please man? If I were still trying to please man, I would not be a servant of Christ.”
— Galatians 1:10 (ESV)