On This Day in:
1806 – A Spanish army repelled the British during their attempt to retake Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1811 – Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
1814 – U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeated a superior British force at Chippewa, Canada.
1830 – France occupied the North African city of Algiers.
1832 – The German government began curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian rule.
1839 – British naval forces bombarded Dingai on Zhoushan Island in China and then occupied it.
1863 – U.S. Federal troops occupied Vicksburg, MS, and distributed supplies to the citizens.
1865 – William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.
1865 – The U.S. Secret Service Division was created to combat currency counterfeiting, forging and the altering of currency and securities.
1892 – Andrew Beard was issued a patent for the rotary engine.
1916 – Adelina and August Van Buren started on the first successful transcontinental motorcycle tour to be attempted by two women. They started in New York City and arrived in San Diego, CA, on September 12, 1916.
1935 – U.S. President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act into law. The act authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.
1940 – During World War II, Britain and the Vichy government in France broke diplomatic relations.
1941 – German troops reached the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
1943 – The battle of Kursk began as German tanks attack the Soviet salient. It was the largest tank battle in history.
1946 – The bikini bathing suit, created by Louis Reard, made its debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. Micheline Bernardini wore the two-piece outfit.
1947 – Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
1948 – Britain’s National Health Service Act went into effect, providing government-financed medical and dental care.
1950 – U.S. forces engaged the North Koreans for the first time at Osan, South Korea.
1951 – Dr. William Shockley announced that he had invented the junction transistor.
1962 – Algeria became independent after 132 years of French rule.
1975 – Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title when he defeated Jimmy Connors.
1984 – The U.S. Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old “exclusionary rule,” deciding that evidence seized with defective court warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.
1989 – Former U.S. National Security Council aide Oliver North received a $150,000 fine and a suspended prison term for his part in the Iran-Contra affair. The convictions were later overturned.
1991 – Regulators shut down the Pakistani-managed Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) in eight countries. The charge was fraud, drug money laundering and illegal infiltration into the U.S. banking system.
1995 – The U.S. Justice Department decided not to take antitrust action against Ticketmaster.
1998 – Japan joined U.S. and Russia in space exploration with the launching of the Planet-B probe to Mars.
2000 – Jordanian security agents shot and killed a Syrian hijacker after he threw a grenade that exploded and wounded 15 passengers
aboard a Royal Jordanian airliner.
“Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is commendable, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things. What you have learned and received and heard and seen in me—practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you.”
— Philippians 4:8-9 (ESV)