On This Day in:
1096 – Crusaders under Peter the Hermit reached Sofia, Bulgaria.
There they met their Byzantine escort, which brought them safely the rest of the way to Constantinople. by August 1.
1534 – The Ottoman armies captured Tabriz in northwestern Persia.
1543 – England's King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.
1558 – Led by the court of Egmont, the Spanish army defeated the French at Gravelines, France.
1585 – A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reached Roanoke Island, NC.
1643 – In England, the Roundheads, led by Sir William Waller, were defeated by royalist troops under Lord Wilmot in the Battle of Roundway Down.
1690 – Protestant forces led by William of Orange defeated the Roman Catholic army of James II.
1691 – William III defeated the allied Irish and French armies at the Battle of Aughrim, Ireland. 1099 – The Crusaders launched their final assault on Muslims in Jerusalem.
1754 – At the beginning of the French and Indian War, George Washington surrendered the small, circular Fort Necessity in southwestern Pennsylvania to the French.
1787 – The U.S. Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, enacted the Northwest Ordinance, which established the rules for governing the Northwest Territory, for admitting new states to the Union and limiting the expansion of slavery.
1812 – The first pawnbroking ordinance was passed in New York City.
1832 – Henry Schoolcraft discovered the source of the Mississippi River in Minnesota.
1836 – John Ruggles received patent #1 from the U.S. Patent Office for a traction wheel used in locomotive steam engines. All
9,957 previous patents were not numbered.
1863 – Opponents of the Civil War draft began three days of rioting in New York City, which resulted in more than 1,000 casualties.
1875 – David Brown patented the first cash-carrier system.
1878 – The Congress of Berlin divided the Balkans among European powers.
1896 – Philadelphia’s Ed Delahanty became the second major league player to hit four home runs in a single game.
1912 – The first foreign-made film to premiere in America, 'Queen Elizabeth', was shown.
1931 – A major league baseball record for doubles was set as the St. Louis Cardinals and the Chicago Cubs combined for a total of
1931 – A major German financial institution, Danabank, failed. This led to the closing of all banks in Germany until August 5.
1941 – Britain and the Soviet Union signed a mutual aid pact, that provided the means for Britain to send war material to the Soviet Union.
1954 – In Geneva, the United States, Great Britain and France reached an accord on Indochina which divided Vietnam into two countries, North and South, along the 17th parallel.
1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposed a highway modernization program, with costs to be shared by federal and state governments.
1954 – The Major League Baseball Players Association was organized in Cleveland, OH.
1957 – The U.S. surgeon general, Leroy E. Burney, reported that there was a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
1960 – Manufacturing began for the Etch A Sketch®.
1972 – Carroll Rosenbloom (owner of the Baltimore Colts) and Robert Irsay (owner of the Los Angeles Rams) traded teams.
1973 – David Bedford set a new world record in the 10,000-meter race in London. His time was 27 minutes, 31 seconds.
1978 – Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.
1982 – The All-Star Game was played outside the United States for the first time. They played in Montreal, Canada.
1984 – In Arkansas, Terry Wallis was injured in a car accident and was left comatose. He came out of the coma in June of 2003.
1998 – 'Image of an Assassination' went on sale. The video documentary is of Abraham Zapruder's home video of U.S. President Kennedy's assassination in Dallas.
1998 – RealNetworks Inc. rolled out a test version of RealSystem
G2. G2 is a streaming video and audio delivery system.
1998 – 1.7 billion people watched soccer's World Cup finals between France and Brazil. France won 3-0.
1999 – Walt Disney Co. announced that it was merging all of its Internet operations together with Infoseek into Go.com.
Disney movies, music and books
2000 – Russia launched the Zvezda after two years of delays. The module was built to be the living quarters for the International Space Station (ISS.)
2000 – The movie 'X-Men' premiered in New York.
“When the righteous cry for help, the Lord hears and delivers them out of all their troubles. The Lord is near to the brokenhearted and saves the crushed in spirit. Many are the afflictions of the righteous, but the Lord delivers him out of them all. He keeps all his bones; not one of them is broken.”
— Psalm 34:17-20 (ESV)