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1823 – Ferdinand VII was restored to the throne of Spain when invited French forces entered Cadiz. The event is known as the Battle of Trocadero.

1852 – The first pre-stamped envelopes were created with legislation of the U.S. Congress.

1881 – The first tennis championships in the U.S. were played.

1887 – The kinetoscope was patented by Thomas Edison. The device was used to produce moving pictures.

1920 – The first news program to be broadcast on radio was aired. The station was 8MK in Detroit, MI.

1920 – John Lloyd Wright was issued a patent for 'Toy-Cabin Construction,' which are known as Lincoln Logs. (U.S. patent

1,351,086)

1935 – The act of exporting U.S. arms to belligerents was prohibited by an act signed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

1940 – Lawrence Olivier and Vivian Leigh were married.

1946 – Superman returned to radio on the Mutual Broadcasting System after being dropped earlier in the year.

1950 – Gil Hodges of the Brooklyn Dodgers hit four home runs in a single game off of four different pitchers.

1959 – Sandy Koufax set a National League record by striking out

18 batters.

1962 – The Caribbean nations Tobago and Trinidad became independent within the British Commonwealth.

1964 – California officially became the most populated state in America.

1965 – The Department of Housing and Urban Development was created by the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate.

1980 – Poland's Solidarity labor movement was born with an agreement signed in Gdansk that ended a 17-day strike.

1981 – The 30-year contract between Milton Berle and NBC-TV expired.

1989 – Great Britain's Princess Anne and Mark Phillips announced that they were separating. The marriage was 16 years old.

1990 – U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met with the Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz to try and negotiate a solution to the crisis in the Persian Gulf.

1990 – East and West Germany signed a treaty that meant the harmonizing of political and legal systems.

1991 – Uzbekistan and Kirghiziz declared their independence from the Soviet Union. They were the 9th and 10th republics to announce their plans to secede.

1991 – In a 'Solidarity Day' protest hundreds of thousands of union members marched in Washington, DC.

1993 – Russia withdrew its last soldiers from Lithuania.

1994 – A cease-fire was declared by the Irish Republican Army after 25 years of bloodshed in Northern Ireland.

1994 – Russia officially ended its military presence in the former East Germany and the Baltics after a half-century.

1998 – A ballistic missile was fired over Japan by North Korea.

The missile landed in stages in the waters around Japan. There was no known target.

Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) 12 A.D. -Roman Emperor Buddy Hackett 1924 – Stand-up Comedian James Coburn 1928 – Actor (“Maverick”) Frank Robinson 1935 – Major League Baseball Player Van Morrison 1945 – Singer and Songwriter Richard Gere 1949 – Actor (“Pretty Woman”) Debbie Gibson 1970 – ‘80s Pop Singer Chris Tucker 1971 – Actor ('Rush Hour')

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