On This Day in:
1012 – Aelfheah was murdered by Danes who had been ravaging the south of England. Aelfhear became the 29th Archbishop of Canterbury in 1005.
1539 – Emperor Charles V reached a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.
1587 – English admiral Sir Francis Drake entered Cadiz harbor and sank the Spanish fleet.
1689 – Residents of Boston ousted their governor, Edmond Andros.
1713 – Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI issued the Pragmatic Sanction, which gave women the rights of succession to Hapsburg possessions.
1764 – The English Parliament banned the American colonies from printing paper money.
1770 – Captain James Cook discovered New South Wales, Australia. Cook originally named the land Point Hicks.
1775 – The American Revolution began as fighting broke out at Lexington, MA.
1782 – The Netherlands recognized the new United States.
1794 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko forced the Russians out of Warsaw.
1802 – The Spanish reopened the New Orleans port to American merchants.
1839 – The Kingdom of Belgium was recognized by all the states of Europe when the Treaty of London was signed.
1861 – Thaddeus S. C. Lowe sailed 900 miles in nine hours in a hot air balloon from Cincinnati, OH, to Unionville, SC.
1861 – The Baltimore riots resulted in four Union soldiers and nine civilians killed.
1861 – U.S. President Lincoln ordered a blockade of Confederate ports.
1892 – The Duryea gasoline buggy was introduced in the U.S. by Charles and Frank Duryea.
1897 – The first annual Boston Marathon was held. It was the first of its type in the U.S.
1927 – In China, Hankow communists declared war on Chaing Kai-shek.
1933 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a proclamation that removed the U.S. from the gold standard.
1938 – General Francisco Franco declared victory in the Spanish Civil War.
1939 – Connecticut approved the Bill of Rights for the U.S.
Constitution after 148 years.
1943 – The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule began. The Jews were able to fight off the Germans for 28 days.
1951 – General Douglas MacArthur gave his 'Old Soldiers' speech before the U.S. Congress after being relieved by U.S. President Truman. In the address General MacArthur said that 'Old soldiers never die, they just fade away.'
1951 – Shigeki Tanaka won the Boston Marathon. Tanaka had survived the atomic blast at Hiroshima, Japan during World War II.
1956 – Actress Grace Kelly became Princess Grace of Monaco when she married Prince Rainier III of Monaco.
1958 – The San Francisco Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers played the first major league baseball game on the West Coast.
1960 – Baseball uniforms began displaying player's names on their backs.
1967 – Surveyor 3 landed on the moon and began sending photos back to the U.S.
1971 – Russia launched the Salyut into orbit around Earth. It was the first space station.
1975 – India launched its first satellite with aid from the USSR.
1977 – Alex Haley received a special Pulitzer Prize for his book 'Roots.'
1981 – In Davao, Philippines, thirteen people were killed when members of the New People's Army threw hand grenades into the Roman Catholic cathedral during Easter services.
“Do not be deceived: God is not mocked, for whatever one sows, that will he also reap. For the one who sows to his own flesh will from the flesh reap corruption, but the one who sows to the Spirit will from the Spirit reap eternal life.”
— Galatians 6:7-8 (ESV)